Style & Decor

Basic Home Decorating Rules

Basic Home Decorating Rules

Home decoration!

You've probably heard this phrase thrown about, among other "fancy" remarks like redecorating and remodeling, or maybe not as fancy, but still...

...exactly what is the home decorations?

Is home decoration of any interest to a home's functionality?

And what do you gain from it?.

Home decoration is an art and science of indulging the visual cues to ultimately create an impression or feel for your home.

Its a wide array of dextrous abilities to create something that standout whether trendy or classic, traditional or modern as long as it makes a statement of sorts.

It includes interior, exterior, and the whole nine yards, from basic white picket fences to elegant patios: into the intricacies of your bathroom finishes down the colors of your living spaces.

Fundamentally home decoration is a hobbyist craft, unlike interior design which requires a college degree at the least. Home decoration is borderline DIYs and passion.

However, most interior designers will double up as home decorators on more refined and seasoned contexts.

Hence home decor and interior design are words used interchangeably coz of the ensuing co-dependence.

Your home may feel warm and welcoming, posh and lavish rustic, classic and subtle, still, might make you feel boxed in all this regard to home decor

Every visual aspect that draws your perspective is merit to home decoration.

However hired designers and decorators are highly-priced, most times at least, but with a little time, some creativity and a few basic rules you can elegantly spike little hints of your persona into your spaces.

Now to a few rules designers use to wow our spaces, check.

Check this out.

Principes de Grands Dessins

These great principles of design(pretty much the title above) should give your spaces a certain Je ne sais quoi, literally, you feel me?

Right of the bat folks with no prior decorating know-how depends merely on intuition and observation to hone their skills. Which is effective if you don't utterly make a fool of yourself.

Master these chic hacks to ensure flawless touches next time you remodel or redecorate.


Emphasis creates a center of interest or focal point in a room. It is the feature that is first seen and repeatedly draws attention.

Ideally, this is the area that should draw the eye in the room. With one area of emphasis, your sight is immediately drawn to that spot once you enter, its what makes your space stable in unity.

The focal point is also where every other details folk out.

Proportions, scale, and balance of secondaries and accents will ever revolve around the focal pieces.

Architectural features, such as fireplaces provide perfect centers for your area. On the other hand, you can create a focal point through the special placement of different items.

Furniture, rugs, striking arts, mirrors, and shelves work seamlessly.

Color is ordinarily the first aspect of focal points to catch attention. Carrying it throughout the room in accessories, window treatments, and upholstery can further emphasize the theme.

Texture can as well be emphasized throughout the room in a similar manner.


Proportion is the relationship of parts of the same object or the relationship between different objects in the same group.

It is an important consideration when selecting and positioning furniture and accessories in a room.

For example, proportion is a factor when choosing the size of a bedside lamp. The lamp base and the lampshade need to be in proportion to each other as part of the same object.

Proportion is also a factor when choosing the surface on which to place the lamp. The lamp and table need to be in proportion to each other though they are different objects in the same group.

The accessories that surround the lamp should as well be thought and must be in proper balance to both the lamp and the table.

The Golden Ratio

Proportion can be described as the ratio of one part to another or one part to the whole.

The golden ratio should explain how great designers will notice (as if by magic) when something does not fit.

In mathematics, two quantities are in the golden ratio if their ratio is the same as the ratio of their sum to the larger of the two quantities.

Though it has diverse applications, most people believe that the use of this ratio makes things appear more aesthetically pleasing to others. The majority of interior designers are taught to use it in their designs and so should you.

First studied in ancient Greece and Rome 2,500 years ago, the Golden Ratio is roughly 1:1.61 and again roughly, 60/40 which account for most home design proportions.

Using some fuzzy math Interior designers further divide the 40 into 30:10,which birth the 60:30:10 proportion.

I guess you wondering how then does your designer gets from a ratio to "that color doesn't fit!".

Well-designed space should have (where color is just an example ), the dominant color should be two-thirds or 60 percent of the whole space and ideally should be the color of the most expansive spaces like walls, ceilings, and floors or the focal points.

The dominant should be followed by a secondary color at 30 percent frequently furniture and other prominent fixture colors. Lastly, 10 percent is the color of accents which are used to create impressions like contrast and depth.

Sometimes with monochrome schemes shades of a color will be used in varying proportions to fit the golden rule.


Scale refers to the relative size of an object in relation to other objects a chair in your bedroom is a small piece of furniture in comparison to a bed.

A twin bed is small in comparison to a king-size bed, however, the twin bed is still larger than the chair. When furnishings are scaled to the space they occupy, they are visually pleasing.

In larger rooms use large-scale furnishings.A king-size bed is appropriate in the master bedroom but would probably not be as appealing.

In spaces where there is more than one piece of furniture, which is pretty much the whole house, above been in scale with the room the furnishing should be in scale with each other.

Accents chairs not part of your main sofa set ought to blend with the existing pieces.This uniform scale will create harmony within the spaces with natural texture transition from the dominant piece to the accents.

Visual weight

This is a scaling aspect where items in a space seem to weigh more than they actually do due to their aesthetic value.Wooden chair compared to an upholstered chair with same dimensions will look lighter.

Thick lines, bold colors, coarse textures, and large patterns add to the visual weight.

When decorating a small room, choose pieces of furniture that have lighter visual weight to prevent them from making the room look packed.

Likewise, choose accessories that are in scale to the furniture. In a small room, it's best to think little in regard to accents.


Balance implies equilibrium among parts of a design. It is a perception of the way orders are seen.When there is a balance, there is a sense of equal weight on both sides of a center point.There is no visual pull in one direction more than the other.

When looking to create a balance you can choose to use identical pieces on both sides of the center.These arrangments have formal or traditional vibes to them, in fact, it's called formal balance or symmetry.

This balance can be daunting when you don't have a balancing piece.For instance, when you need to place your bed against a wall with a window on one corner.You clearly can't be thinking of cutting a window through the other half of the wall.

But not to say its impossible to achieve symmetry, for instance, you can use mirrors illusion to create a faux window on the third half, these way your bed will sit at the center of the two windows (one false)on either side to create seamless symmetry.

However formal balance can sometimes look too serious for social rooms.Use informal balance in areas you need to create a relaxing ambiance.

In informal balance, also called asymmetrical balance, different but equivalent objects are arranged on either side of centerpieces.Although the sides are not alike, neither side overpowers the other and equilibrium is created.

Informal balance can be achieved in various ways. In order to balance a heavy object and a light object, the heavier object should be placed closer to the center line.

Several smaller objects can balance a single, large one.

If objects are the same size but of unequal distance from you, the object closest to you will appear larger.

An object that has visual weight can also balance a single, large object.

Color, texture, and form all create visual weight. Bold, warm colors will appear heavier than subdued, cool colors.

Adorned objects equally have visual weight with larger objects seeming heavily accented than a small ones.

Balance is a very important principle to follow especially when arranging accessories and furnishings. The furnishings on each half of a wall or opposite walls should balance with each other.

Moreover, the accessories chosen for display on a table or in a bookcase should also balance with each other.

The balance option used helps to determine the mood of a room, use symmetry in formal areas and Informal balance to creates a casual character.


Rhythm is the repetition, gradation, radiation, opposition, and transition of form, color, lines or texture in order to unify the space seamlessly leading the eyes from one area to another in a design.

Rhythm by repetition is a factor of repeated aspects of color, patterns, and lines to form a rythym

Rhythm by repetition is created when an element of design such as color, line, form, or texture is repeated. Repetition is one of the easiest ways to achieve the rhythm in a design.An example is when a dominant color is repeated across the room

Gradation is the type of rhythm created by a gradual increase or decrease of similar elements of design.

In rhythm by radiation, lines flow outward from a central point, as in radiation can usually be found in accessories. For example, a flower arrangement or a cushion may have radiating lines.

In rhythm by opposition, lines meet to form right angles. Rhythm by opposition is often found in the construction of a room as well as in the furnishings.

Rhythm by transition is created when curved lines carry the eyes from one part of an object or room to another.

Elements that Affect the Principle


Color is one of the key elements that bring out the principles of design yet most decorators go into projects without a clear understanding of three theory and how it affects the way spaces feel.

Does a white room feel more spacious?

Why do we paint a child's room blue?

Do warm colors really feel warm?

The answer to the first question is a resounding yes, the second is because blue feels calm and relaxing, and do warm colors feel warm? yes, they do.

Kitchens with bright color accents arouse you appetite those with grey and brown countertops feel subtle. All this is due to the psychological effect of color.

Designers mostly proportionately use balanced color schemes to create whatever feel they need you to perceive.

Vast areas around the walls and curtains create the focal point where everything other feature sprouts.

For instance, if you needed to make a bathroom (smallest room in a home) feel spacious bright wall tiling will do the trick.Or use a mirror to increase the depth in a none intrusive way.

You can create a rhythm with the interiors pieces to extend the spaces in a unique and authentic way.

Although there is not much scientific research that has been channeled to the psychology of color it's internationally acceptable that every color influence certain moods feeling or behavior. These aspects are exercised depending on how the color is used. To much blue will drift from cool and calm to dull and boring.When balanced with hints of neutrals the blues will sip some energy to create a calm, bright finish.

And how do you choose the colors of your home you ask?

Well, first thing is to figure out what influence you want to create: what feeling do you want to get from your home.

The ensuing answers are fifty percent of the work.Of a color palette choose what colors best represent your desire.Remember no is when to use the golden ratio-cum-60,30,10 rule.

A dominant color that will create emphasis from which the secondary and compliments will repetitively root.

The most expansive spaces take up this prominent color, look to break the monotony with secondaries, maybe the color of the wooden fixtures and furniture.

Finally compliment all that with the color on your accents.


Texture is the surface quality of material used on design items.Texture ranges from rough, smooth, rough and bumpy.

Texture have two features tactile which is the actual feature and visual texture which is the perception or effected in our mind when we look at a design.

We often make assumptions about the texture of a material based on our memory of touching similar surfaces, looking at textures in proximity to other pieces and in different lights.The aspect of texture feed of the environment away from been a static form by itself, rough surfaces seem more textured next to smooth surfaces, when viewed up close, and when grazed with light.

You can exercise how texture works on your walls.You can choose coarse wall decor including paintings, hanging plants and picture frames to spice a notably smooth wall.


Pattern gives you the ability to bring energy, interest, and contrast into your design, and when patterns are done well they bring a room together and give depth to your space.

Patterns capture your eye, patterns are perfect when you need to bring an item to focus.A brick fireplaces easily make centerpieces because they incorporate the texture and pattern to stand out in an otherwise smooth space.

Furniture pattern can equally be used to make an effect, especially with casual exciting interiors.


The feeling of a space can be completely transformed by altering the intensity, placement, and color of light which makes it a very powerful tool.

There are many considerations that must be taken into account to ensure interior spaces are properly lit for functionality, mood and atmosphere, and sustainability. Since light has both psychological and physical effects on people it is important to get it right.

Lighting elements can be designed to enhance the space and interior details set the mood, and compliment furniture, color schemes, and artwork.

For spaces without an abundance of natural light, lighting design becomes even more critical design consideration.

The are two types of lights, artificial and natural.Perfect designs use right color hues for spaces with a perspective to the intensity of light within.

Atrificial lighting can be used beyond the general spectrum of functionality.Pendant lights and chandeliers are used for ambiance, task lights like table lamps are used for lighting work areas.Then there are accent lights that spice the interior.

Lines and Form

Lines naturally take three forms verticle, horizontal and diagonal, but I guess you already knew that.LIne form the aspects of any area in a home.

If you look closely you will find out even texture and patterns have line details within.So inherently lines can be used for unique stand-alone feature especially in accents or as part of other elements.

Forms are products of line, whether natural or geometric.The form can also be open or closed.

When you think of form consider 2D and 3D aspects.This is best defined by home wallpaper compared to murals.The illusion a wallpaper create is 2D which is very different from murals which craft 3d illusions.

Your bedroom is an open form which you can walk into, as your shower or bathtub. Furniture, plants, and decor elements such as mirrors and lamps are closed forms.

The understanding of forms used in a space is vital to achieving the desired feel of a space. Too much use of rectangular forms in a room can give the effect of stiffness and seriousness, whereas the use of circular forms soften up space and make it feel more bubbly and light.

To Style Your Opinion or Not

Styles in home decoration borrow a lot from those in interior design. The inspiration of time, culture, origin and a whole lot more. In fact, it's very improbable you will find decor or design that is not inspired by one style or another sometimes both

For instance, an 18th-century Chesterfield has a very gentleman-classic feel. It sparks an image that most ideally would be the James Bond (the epitome of English gentlemen) of the earlier day. Frock coats, breeches and dark leather shoes with shining metal buckles.

Just to be sure what feel your decor creates, try asking people what they think the first time they come home.

It's no surprise what most people thought of an evil-eye themed mirror in my bathroom. All responses were either an evil stare or Egypt, And that's kinda what everybody associates it with.

Although the actual symbol is personified in the goddess wedjat and represented protection, royal power, and good health.

Sometimes what we love does not always have the same effect on others. What is important is to find a balance between your style and perception.